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Japanese Traditional Craft Resource Center Category


Japanese Traditional Craft

Craft Category Pottery & Porcelain
Name Shidoro-Yaki: Shidoro Ware

Main Production Site:Shizuoka

Shidoro-yaki is made of clay containing a lot of iron which is gained in its main production site. It makes the ware unique with its sober, yellowish color on a brownish-red surface along with its deep brown glaze.

It is said that this type of clay is the most suitable for making tea caddies, which often used for tributes. This is because the clay shrinks hard when fired, therefore it well protects the contents from humidity.

Red stone called "Ni-ishi" is used for glaze, which also contains a lot of iron from its main production site. This is also one of the main features of Shidoro-yaki.

[Folk Craft Designated by Shizuoka prefectural governor]
Provided by Enshu Shidoro-Ritouyou
Translation by Hiromi Fujii, reviewed by Marina Izumi

Materials Clay
Crafting Processes 1. Making of clay
Prepare the clay used for Shidoro-yaki. Dried clay is broken into pieces. After elutriating, it is dried and kneaded. Then it is made into a ball by hand.

2. Shaping on the potter's wheel / Molding
After shaping or molding the clay, it is dried again.

3. Finishing
After drying, it is bisque-fired. Then it is glazed for glost firing and finally finished.

Nowadays many tea and table wares tend to be fired by gas or in electric kilns. However, Shidoro-yaki is fired in climbing kilns with fire woods a couple of times a year. The ware is fired for three days and cooled down for one week in the kiln.
History Once Kanaya area in Shimada city located in Shizuoka prefecture (Central Japan facing the Pacific Ocean) was an imperial estate, which was called Tohtomi-koku Shitoroshou Kanayagou. The name Shidoro-yaki comes from the name of this region.

Shidoro-yaki has a long history. From the first half of the 12th century (Heian Period) to the second half of the 13th century (Kamakura Period), wares including Yama-jyawan (literally: mountain bowls, which is hard, unglazed ware) were fired, and ruins of kilns such as Kitsunesawa Furukama (Old Kiln in Kitsunesawa) have been excavated in this area.

It is considered that the production of Sidoro-yaki started in earnest when Tokugawa Ieyasu, who became the lord of Suruga (Central Japan, presently called Shizuoka prefecture) in 1582, invited Katou Shouemon Kagetada (he changed his name to Gorouzaemon later on), a ceramist of Mino-Kujiri (Central Japan, presently called Kujiri, Gifu prefecture) and some ceramists from Owari Seto area (Central Japan, presently called Seto, Aichi prefecture) moved to this region.

After that, from 1624 to 1643, excellent tea wares such as tea caddies, pitchers, teacups, flower bases were fired under the guidance of Kobori Enshu, a tea master at Tokugawa Shogunate who instructed the making of tea wares preferable for the Tokugawa.
Related URL http://www.sidoro-ritou.com/index.html

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